Tutorial Treasury: String formatting and manipulation

Tutorial Treasury: String formatting and manipulation

As any Corona developer knows, Lua variables come in many forms — most commonly tables (arrays), numbers, strings, and booleans (true/false). Among these, strings present a nearly limitless range of possibilities, as they can be of considerable length, vary in content, and contain special characters that no other variable type can. This can present some challenge to Corona developers, especially when it comes time to “select or detect” a specific portion within a longer string or format the string in a very custom, specific manner.

This tutorial treasury contains some useful and often essential resources on how to work with strings in your Corona apps.

Tutorials

Formatting values using “string.format()”

Formatting a particular string is a common requirement in almost any app, whether it be limiting the number of decimal places in a long number, adding “placeholder” spaces, or padding a score with leading zeros. The string.format() function is almost infinitely powerful for this task, but many developers are mystified by its parameters and usage. This tutorial aims to dispel some of the confusion surrounding string formatting.

Lua string magic

Sometimes, formatting strings becomes an even more specific process, and a little “magic” is required to achieve the end goal. In this tutorial, learn how to overcome special formatting challenges including splitting, trimming, line wrapping, and more.

Utilizing time and dates

Many apps rely on time and dates, and it can be tricky to properly format time/date-based data, particularly strings gathered from os.time() and os.date(). In this tutorial, learn how to use string functions to format time and dates exactly as required in your apps.

Further reading

Conclusion

As illustrated, string formatting and manipulation is a common but often misunderstood process. Hopefully this collection of resources gets you started on the path toward understanding and mastery of string-related tasks.


Brent Sorrentino
brent@coronalabs.com

Brent Sorrentino is a full-time Developer Evangelist and technical writer who assists others with game development, code, and in overcoming other challenges to help them bring their app dreams to life.

2 Comments
  • Oleg
    Posted at 22:01h, 29 October

    Is it any way for rich formatting (bold, color, tabulation) on Corona?

    • Rob Miracle
      Posted at 18:21h, 01 November

      You can use a native.newWebView() to show HTML/CSS/Javascript styled code. A few community developers have made libraries that will let you style text, but we have no formal support for it.